Transplant Proc. 2006 Mar;38(2):430-1.

Pediatric renal transplantation: Clinical analysis of 28 cases.


Haydarpasa Numune Research and Training Hospital, 1st Department of Surgery and Transplantation, Istanbul, Turkey.


We performed an outcome analysis of 28 pediatric renal transplant recipients whose mean age at transplantation was 15.2 +/- 2 years (range: 11 to 17 years) and the M/F ratio, 0.75. Four patients received cadaveric grafts. One patient needed retransplantation due to primary nonfunction. Mean HLA match was 3.6 (range: 3 to 5). Immunosuppression was cyclosporine (n = 13) or tacrolimus (n = 11) or sirolimus (n = 4), as well as steroids and azathioprine or mycophenolate mofetil. Delayed graft function occurred in four patients. The main complications were arterial hypertension (n = 11), anemia (n = 4), urinary tract infection (n = 10), hypercholesterolemia (n = 7), and cytomegalovirus infection (n = 1). An acute rejection episode (ARE) occurred in four patients. ARE and hypertension rates were similar between the immunosuppressive drug groups. All the patients with graft failure were on cyclosporine (P = .03). Hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis (median duration: 6 months) were performed preoperatively in 25 and 3 patients, respectively. The length of pretransplant dialysis was longer among patients with graft failure (P > .05). Noncompliance (10.7%) resulted in an ARE in one patient and graft loss in two patients. One patient died with a functioning graft. Primary disease recurred in one patient. The median follow-up period was 44 months (range: 6 to 157 months). Mean serum creatinine level was 1.35 +/- 0.74 mg/dL at the last follow-up. One- and 3-year graft survival rates were 92% and 86%, respectively, and patient survival was 100%, each. Seventeen patients (60.7%) continued their education after the transplantation; six started working. Successful transplantation in the pediatric age group together with intensive rehabilitation posttransplantation are important to make these children productive individuals to the society.

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